photography by swartz



10. A Scrap of Bread


Death from starvation in the ghetto was an ordinary event.  Between January 1941 and July 1942, more than 61,000 died in the Warsaw Ghetto, mostly from starvation or the susceptibility to disease-induced malnutrition.  Smuggling food was the only way to keep people alive.

Children were quite proficient at smuggling food through holes in walls or under fences.  Many lost their lives in the process.  It was estimated that 80% of the food in the Warsaw Ghetto entered through smuggling.

This photograph was taken in the Warsaw Ghetto circa 1941.

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Last modified: 07/15/03