photography by swartz



9. Hitlerjugend


The Nazis propagandized German youth from a young age. Hitler Youth was founded in 1926; it took boys (Jungvolk) between the ages of 14-18 and girls (Jungmdel) from ages 14-21. By the end of 1934, it had grown into a movement of over 3,500,000.

The Hitlerjugend operation had grown to 8,000,000 youth by 1939. Membership in the Nazi Youth organization became obligatory for all children from age 10 years or older, and parents who prevented their sons from entering the Hitler Youth were punished. The SS was very interested in youth as it was a great opportunity to groom them for eventual membership into their killing machine.

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Last modified: 07/15/03