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25. Propaganda


In 1920, the Nazi party adopted the swastika as its official symbol.

Reich Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, Dr. Joseph Goebbels became know as the "mouth" of the Nazi Party.  He incited the German people to "rise in bloody vengeance" against the Jews.  Goebbels controlled the flow of all information through the press, posters, and radio.  He turned the state-owned radio broadcasting system into his propaganda machine.  Radios were given away free, and radio broadcasts were some of his most powerful sources of Nazi propaganda.

Hitler himself was a powerful speaker and exerted a magnetism that persuaded even the most sophisticated Germans.  Describing propaganda, Hitler stated in Mein Kampf:

The first task of propaganda is to win people for subsequent organization; the first task of organization is to win men for the continuation of propaganda.  All propaganda must be popular and its intellectual level must be adjusted to the most limited intelligence among those to whom it is addressed.  All effective propaganda must be limited to a very few points and must harp on thee in slogans until the last member of the public understands what you want him to understand by your slogan.

The Third Reich collapsed in 1945.  Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945.  Goebbels committed suicide on May 1, 1945.

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Last modified: 07/15/03