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23. aka Ricardo Klement

 

Adolf Eichmann, a German-born SS Lieutenant Colonel, was in charge of "Jewish Affairs." In 1938, he developed the Gestapo's "Central Office for Jewish Emigration." A master bureaucrat responsible for mass deportations of Jews, Eichmann was one of the fifteen participants of the Wannsee Conference.

In November 1944, Eichmann organized a series of forced death marches for Hungarian Jews. Men, women, and children were forced to march hundreds of miles to the Austrian border. Thousands died en route from starvation, exhaustion, and exposure to cold. Those who survived were ultimately sent to Dachau and Mauthausen.

In the years after World War II, many war criminals escaped prosecution by fleeing Europe. In 1946, Eichmann escaped to Argentina, and in 1950, under the assumed name of Ricardo Klement, took up residence in a suburb of Buenos Aires, Argentina. On May 11, 1960, Eichmann was tracked down by Simon Wiesenthal and captured by the Israeli Secret Service agents. He was brought to Israel where he stood trial for "crimes against humanity." He was found guilty and hanged on May 31, 1962.

Shown here is his false identity paper; the image of Eichmann, on the left, was taken during his trial.

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Last modified: 07/15/03